India abstains UNSC resolution on Moscow’s ‘illegal referenda’ in 4 Ukraine regions

India, citing “the totality of the developed situation”, has been absent on a UN Security Council resolution that would have condemned Moscow’s “illegal referendum” and invalidated its annexation of the four Ukrainian territories. . It is important to note that Russia vetoed this proposal.

The 15-nation UN Security Council on Friday voted on a draft resolution tabled by the US and Albania on the “illegal so-called referendum in Ukraine”, some of the contracts being signed by Russian President Vladimir Putin at a grand ceremony in the Kremlin. hours later. Ukrainian regions of Luhansk, Donetsk, Kherson and Zaporizhzhya.

Addressing the Council after the vote, Ambassador Ruchira Kamboj, India’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations, said that India is deeply disturbed by the recent developments in Ukraine and New Delhi has always advocated that at the cost of human lives No solution can ever come. ,

“We urge that all efforts be made by the parties concerned to immediately end the violence and hostilities,” he said in his explanation of the vote. Dialogue is the only answer to resolve differences and disputes, no matter how difficult. Yes,” she said in an explanation of the vote.

“The path to peace requires us to keep all channels of diplomacy open,” she said. Underlining that India’s position has been clear and consistent since the beginning of this conflict, Kamboj said the global order is based on the principles of the United Nations Charter, international law and respect for sovereignty and the territorial integrity of all states.

Rhetoric or escalation of tension is not in anyone’s interest. It is important that avenues are found to return to the negotiating table. Keeping in view the totality of the changing situation, India has decided to stay away from this proposal,” she said.

US Ambassador to the United Nations Linda Thomas-Greenfield said before the vote that the results of Russia’s “sham referendum” in Moscow were pre-determined.

Told.

He said that if Russia chooses to shield itself from accountability, “we will take more steps in the General Assembly” to send an unmistakable message to Moscow that the world is still in favor of protecting sovereignty and protecting territorial integrity.

Russia’s Permanent Representative Vasily Nebenzia said before the vote that the referendum results speak for themselves and residents of these regions do not want to return to Ukraine.

He said more than 100 international observers from Italy, Germany, Venezuela, Latvia and other states, who monitored the vote, also recognized the results as valid.

“Washington, which has been the loudest today to criticize us and speak of Ukraine’s territorial integrity, recently announced that they are ready to use force to defend Taiwan which is part of the People’s Republic of China. an integral part,” he said.

The resolution, introduced by the US and Albania, would have condemned Russia’s organization of “illegal so-called referendums” in areas within Ukraine’s internationally recognized borders.

It would have declared that Russia’s “unlawful actions” in relation to the illegal so-called referendums held from 23 to 27 September in Ukraine’s regions of Luhansk, Donetsk, Kherson and Zaporizhzhya under Russia’s temporary control could have no legitimacy. . and cannot form grounds for any change in the status of these territories of Ukraine, including any alleged annexation of any of these territories by the Russian Federation.”

The resolution appealed to all states, international organizations and specialized agencies not to recognize any alleged acquisition by Russia of any or all of Ukraine’s territories of Luhansk, Donetsk, Kherson or Zaporizhzhya, and not to take any action or practice which may be interpreted as recognizing any such alleged acquisition.

The announcement comes a day after UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said that “the occupation or use of force by any State by any State on the territory of any State is a violation of the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of international law.”

Referring to Modi’s remarks to Putin on the sidelines of the SCO summit in Samarkand, Uzbekistan last month that “today’s era is not the era of war”, Kamboj said New Delhi should start early peace talks to bring an immediate ceasefire. Restoration is expected. conflict resolution.

India has previously not participated in the Security Council on two occasions and once in the UN General Assembly on Russia’s resolutions to invade Ukraine.

Unlike many other major Western powers, India has not yet criticized Russia for its invasion of Ukraine and has avoided votes on the UN forum condemning the Russian invasion.

Earlier, Russian President Putin on Friday announced the merger of the Ukrainian regions of Donetsk, Luhansk, Kherson and Zaporizhzhya.

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https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/india-abstains-unsc-resolution-on-moscows-illegal-referenda-in-4-ukraine-regions/article65958235.ece

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